The Three-Piece Snaffle Bit has a 5" copper wire wrapped mouth with center ring and 6 1/2" cheeks. Copper causes the horse's mouth to salivate which allows the mouth to stay soft and useable to the rider. Three-piece bits are broken in two places and work on the corners of the mouth, the poll and the tongue. A snaffle bit is the most common bit used and acts with direct pressure. They are a great choice for all types of training.
Cheeks refers to the sides of the bit, it includes both the purchase and the shank. The purchase is the part of the bit above the mouthpiece. A short purchase allows the bit to act quicker in a horse's mouth when the reins are pulled. With a longer purchase the bit is slower to react. The shank is the part of the bit located below the mouthpiece, it gives the rider leverage on the mouthpiece. The shorter the shank, the less control; the longer the shank, the more control the rider has.
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